Volume 10, Issue 2, Year 2021

Transgenders in Sports: When Physiology and Equality are Incongrous

Anilendu Pramanik
MINISTRY OF YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS- Guru Nanak Dev University-Department of Sports Sciences and Medicine, Amritsar, Punjab-143005, India.
Akshita Goel
MINISTRY OF YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS- Guru Nanak Dev University-Department of Sports Sciences and Medicine, Amritsar, Punjab-143005, India.
Rajatmani Tripathi
MINISTRY OF YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS- Guru Nanak Dev University-Department of Sports Sciences and Medicine, Amritsar, Punjab-143005, India.

Published 2021-12-22


  • Transgenders,
  • Sports Physiology,
  • Sports,
  • Equality,
  • Fairness

How to Cite

Pramanik, A., Goel, A., & Tripathi, R. (2021). Transgenders in Sports: When Physiology and Equality are Incongrous. International Journal of Physical Education, Health & Sports Sciences, 10(2), 25–32. Retrieved from https://pefijournal.org/index.php/ijpehss/article/view/69


INTRODUCTION: It's critical to understand evolving connotations’ sexual identity, as well as what they entail in sports. Acknowledge how sexuality can have role in determining level of competence required to participate in sports. There should be no irrational classifications based on gender or sexuality. With passing years, already cisgendered world of sports has afforded female athletes’ equitable opportunities. This transformation in perspective has resulted in an increase in proportion of transgender athletes in long run. This review examines current stance regarding transsexuals and the discrimination they face, whether blatant or stealth, as well as how breakthroughs are rapidly evolving to construct a better realm for equal opportunity in sports to everyone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature search of studies published between August 2018 and August 2021 was completed. - Inclusion criteria: (1) article published between January 2010 and August 2021; (2) human subjects; (3) published in English; (4) including participants relating to transgenders. RESULTS: 14 studies meeting inclusion criteria were considered for qualitative syntheses. DISCUSSION: In sports, unfair treatment and barriers have an effect on physical activity level and overall health of transgenders. Adverse experiences in sporting competitions due to restrictions in policies, with no major evidence-based policy making practices as far as transgender inclusion is reported. Discrimination against transgender individuals at various levels leads to negative impact on their sports participation. More research is needed in order to formulate upgraded and more evidence-based guidelines, that aid in maintaining the balance between equality and ethics of sports participation.


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