Official Journal of Physical Education Foundation of India.
Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): Volume 10, Issue 1, Year 2021
Articles

Effects of Psychological Stress on Immune System

Jagdish Narayan Saini
D.P.E. Government College Jaipur
Vivek Bhardwaj
D.P.E. Government College Masuda (AJMER).

Published 2021-05-27

Keywords

  • Psychological stress,
  • Immunity,
  • Cytokines,
  • HPA axis,
  • Chronic

How to Cite

Saini, J. N., & Bhardwaj, V. (2021). Effects of Psychological Stress on Immune System. International Journal of Physical Education, Health & Sports Sciences, 10(1), 25-31. Retrieved from https://pefijournal.org/index.php/ijpehss/article/view/33

Abstract

Background: Stress is the most influential entity of our lives today. Our body’s defence system allows us to withstand stressful conditions. This ability might get altered if the person lives in a stressed environment over an extended time period. The objective of this review article is to understand how psychological stress impacts our immune system. Methodology: The study was conducted during the period May-June 2020. The literature review was made using online libraries like PubMed and Google Scholar. Result: It was thus understood that psychological stress would supress the immune system by shifting from Th1 subset to Th2 subset of cells and through the actions of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic nervous system. Thus, making the body vulnerable to many diseases and unable to respond adequately to certain infections, injury or vaccinations. Conclusion: Chronic stress can lead to potential adverse effects on the immune system. The interventional methods for stress management might be helpful in improving immune responses of stressed patients.

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