A NATION'S HEALTH CARE IS IN THE HANDS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS
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The development of any country is not identified by its brightness or tall buildings, but the true meaning of development is reflected in the healthy citizens of the country, especially school children and youth. The wellbeing of children is national wealth; Healthy children are the real asset of any country. If any child becomes ill from childhood, it will be a failure of the economic and social development of the country. The recent report of world bank “Obesity: Health and Economic Consequences of an impending global challenge” state that obesity-related diseases are now among the top three killers across the globe. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of a long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes. Metabolic risk factors contribute to four key metabolic changes raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) and hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat in the blood) all these increases the risk of NCDs. Almost all the countries have been affected by NCDs and it does not affect the person alone it also affects the economy of the country. In 2016, an estimated 40·5 million (71%) of the 56·9 million worldwide deaths were from NCDs. The Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity (ECHO) presented its final report to the WHO in 2016, in which officials are an alarming number of obese children below five years old. According to this report “At least 41 million children in this age group are obese or overweight, with the greatest rise in the number of children being obese or overweight coming from low- and middle-income countries”. According to the recent stats stated by the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, around 5-8.8% of school children are obese in India. And if the rates increase at a pace like this, India is going to rank at the second spot, closest to China around 2030, in the world chart for a maximum number of obese children (5-19 years of age). This means that around 27 million Indian children will be obese by 2030, as stated by the World Obesity Federation.
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